After , the story found organisational support for its transmission and celebration with the formation of the Virangana Uda Devi Smarak Sansthan.
She was a courtesan by profession and had been taken into the royal harem as a khawasin after being sold by her parents, then to Royal agents, and later promoted to a pari ,  and was known as Mahak Pari. During the Indian Mutiny , from to , Begum Hazrat Mahal's band of supporters, led by Raja Jailal Singh, rebelled against the forces of the British; later, they seized control of Lucknow and she declared her son, Birjis Qadra, as the ruler Wali of Oudh. One of the principal complaints of Begum Hazrat Mahal was that the East India Company had casually demolished Temples and mosques just to make way for roads.
To eat pigs and drink wine, to bite greased cartridges and to mix pig's fat with sweetmeats, to destroy Hindu and Mussalman temples on pretense of making roads, to build churches, to send clergymen into the streets to preach the Christian religion, to institute English schools, and pay people a monthly stipend for learning the English sciences, while the places of worship of Hindus and Mussalmans are to this day entirely neglected; with all this, how can people believe that religion will not be interfered with?
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When the forces under the command of the British re-captured Lucknow and most of Oudh, she was forced to retreat. Hazrat Mahal worked in association with Nana Saheb , but later joined the Maulavi of Faizabad in the attack on Shahjahanpur. Ultimately, she had to retreat to Nepal , where she was initially refused asylum by the Rana prime minister Jang Bahadur ,  but was later allowed to stay. It is looked after by the Jama Masjid Central Committee.
On 10 May , the Government of India issued a commemorative stamp in honour of Mahal.
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