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Apr, Vol. Author s : Hucklenbroich, K. Abstract: Background : The general scientific literature of psychotraumatology does not pay regard to people older than 60 years, although the generation of children who experienced World War II in Europe was severely affected. In addition, there is the possibility of acute traumatic experiences in old age. Women reported more somatoform pain than men. This corresponds to estimates from the literature showing a clearly higher prevalence for women, particularly for back and head pains than for men.

In addition, women complained about stronger and more enduring pain [ 7 ]. This sex difference also corresponded to other studies showing that women reported more psychological and body complaints than men and described themselves as sicker [ 6 ], [ 28 ], [ 36 ], [ 48 ], [ 56 ], [ 63 ]. The sex difference we found also corresponded to studies on the prevalence of somatoform complaints. Thus, Kroenke and Price [ 44 ] using the diagnostic interview schedules with 13, persons showed that 20 out of 32 somatoform complaints without gynaecological symptoms were stronger in women than in men.

Neumer et al. With an increasing age there was a strong increase of somatoform pain symptoms. The high frequency of somatoform pain complaints in the ageing population has been supported by other studies on the prevalence of pains of different aetiologies. Thus, Gunzelmann et al. Other authors also reported prevalence rates, which differed considerably, however, depending on the assessment instrument and the pain quality e. The high prevalence of somatoform pain symptoms in the ageing population corresponds to the high utilisation of tranquilisers and analgesics in this age group.

Thus, Stuck et al.

Prevalence of somatoform pain complaints in the German population

According to this study, one in ten consumed these medications. The high prevalence of somatoform pain disorders in higher age demonstrates the often underestimated significance of somatization in higher age and points to the importance of biopsychosocial perspective of ageing. The significance of social and structural parameters for the somatoform pain complaints is underscored by a surplus of pain with low education, low household income, rural residency and residency in Eastern Germany. To summarise, somatoform pain complaints are very frequent in the German population. The prevalence depends strongly on the age and the sex of the persons afflicted and on the pain localisation.

Considering the strong utilisation of the somatic health system, due to the pathological illness behaviour "doctor shopping" and the inadequate treatment of patients with somatization disorders, the high frequency of somatoform pain disorders has an enormous health, economic and political significance [ 29 ]. Europe PMC requires Javascript to function effectively.

Recent Activity. The prevalence of somatoform pain complaints was assessed in a representative sample of persons in Germany in the age range from 18 to 92 years by the Screening for Somatoform Symptoms questionnaire [57]. The snippet could not be located in the article text. This may be because the snippet appears in a figure legend, contains special characters or spans different sections of the article. Psychosoc Med. PMID: You are free to copy, distribute and transmit the work, provided the original author and source are credited.

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This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract The prevalence of somatoform pain complaints was assessed in a representative sample of persons in Germany in the age range from 18 to 92 years by the Screening for Somatoform Symptoms questionnaire [ 57 ]. Keywords: somatoform complaints, pain, community survey. Introduction Somatic complaints have a high prevalence in the population. Open in a separate window.

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Table 1. Statistical analysis Relative frequencies were computed as measures for the prevalence of somatoform complaints. Results 1. Prevalence of somatoform pain complaints Table 2 Tab. Table 2. Table 3. Table 4. The 10 most frequent somatoform complaints in persons of 18 years and above in Germany SOMS, [57]. Figure 1. Somatoform pain complaints determined by sociodemographic parameters As Table 5 Tab. Table 5. Discussion Somatoform pain complaints are very frequent in the general population.

References 1. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Chronic pain in a geographically defined general population: studies of differences in age, gender, social class, and pain localization. Clin J Pain. Andersson HI.


The epidemiology of chronic pain in a Swedish rural area. Qual Life Res. Neck pain in the general population. Bern: Huber; Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag; A longitudinal study of pain: reported pain from middle age to old age. The prevalence of pain in a general population. The results of a postal survey in a county of Sweden. Daten des Gesundheitswesens. Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft; The Saskatchewan health and back pain survey. The prevalence of low back pain and related disability in Saskatchewan adults. Prevalence of pain in the Spanish population: telephone survey in homes.

Eur J Pain. The prevalence of neck pain and related disability in Saskatchewan adults.

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The prevalence of pain complaints in a general population. Klinisch-diagnostische Leitlinien. Prevalence of back symptoms in elders. J Rheumat. Somatization in the community: relationship to disability and use of services. Am J Pub Health. Faller H. Somatisierung, Krankheitsattribution und Public Health.

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Z Klin Psychol Psychiat Psychother. Fink P. Physical complaints and symptoms of somatizing patients.

Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry in Germany, Austria and Switzerland

J Psychosom Res. Surgery and medical treatment in persistent somatization patients. The use of hospitalization by persistent somatizing patients. Psychol Med. Persistent pain and well-being: A World Health Organization study in primary care.

Wenn die Psyche krank macht - Körperliche Beschwerden ohne Diagnose

Hasvold T, Johnsen R. Headache and neck or shoulder pain - frequent and disabling complaints in the general population. Log in to Wiley Online Library. Purchase Instant Access. View Preview. Learn more Check out. Abstract Maladaptive schemas are stable relational patterns that develop through harmful childhood experiences with primary caregivers.

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